Strabismus is defined as failure of the eyes to maintain proper alignment. As one eye is looking straight forward, the other one might look inside, outside, up or down. It is possible for one or both of the eyes to have strabismus.
CAUSES OF STRABISMUS
There is no one cause of strabismus and might be caused by various reasons. Although the exact reason of strabismus is not established, it is known as malfunction of the muscles around the eye and nerve anomalies.
A person might innately have strabismus as well as during babyhood, childhood, and later stages of life. It can also be caused by a head trauma or an eye injury.
Under certain cases, strabismus might signal a serious health problem, therefore it should be examined by an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.
SYMPTOMS OF STRABISMUS
- Double Vision
- Uncoordinated Eye Movements
- Sight Loss
- Loss of Depth Perception
- Watering of Eyes
It is difficult to realize strabismus in children, especially when the degree of strabismus is aesthetically and visually too small to notice.
First sign of one of the eyes sliding to another direction is, inability of the eyes to focus on a single point, yet closing one eye under the sun, or tilting the head to one side might be indicators of strabismus.
People usually think that the sliding of the eyes during infanthood will be fixed with time, yet this is not true. Strabismus is never fixed on its own. Symptoms of strabismus might be observed perpetually or periodically.
Early diagnosis in strabismus is quite crucial in terms of preventing permanent sight loss.
- Contact Lenses and Glasses
- Injection Therapy
- Surgery: With surgery, one or many muscles around the eye can be moved to the correct location. Operation can be conducted with either general or local anesthesia in the operating room. There is no need for bandages, but redness and discomfort might be present for a few days. Usually patients can be discharged within the same day.
- Eye Closure
Treatment methods listed above can be applied one by one or combined depending on the situation of the patient.