Glaucoma (also commonly known as eye tension), is a progressive disease that advances in years and frequantly occurs after the age of 40 and which damages the optical nerve which is needed for visual ability. When the vision is lost for once in glaucoma, it is not possible to regain this ability. For this reason early diagnosis and treatment of this disease is extremely important. For early diagnosis and careful eye examination is obligatory. In the galucoma center of our hospital, early diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma is provided by our staff whose specialization is glaucoma by using the systems equipped with the most advanced devices.
What are the risk factors of glaucoma ?
- The existance of glaucoma in the family history
- Being 35 or more years old.
- The existance of serious pyogenesis and infection of the eye in the medical record.
- Eye injuries
- The existence of eye surgery history
- Low or high blood pressure
- Situations that require long term cortisone theraphy (asthma,joint pyogenesis, etc)
How is glaucoma treated?
There are three methods of treatment for glaucoma
- Laser treatment
- Surgical treatment
Medication: There are various types of eye drops used in the treatment of glaucoma. These medicines reduces the intraocular pressure through different mechanisms of action. They are regularly used in pre-determined intervals for lifetime. It is attempted to reduce the intraocular pressure. If this can not be achieved a second type of eye drop is added to the treatment. If the eye pressure cannot be reduced again, according the opinion of the doctor, a third type of eye-drop may be added or other treatment methods may be implemented.
LASER treatment: Laser operation in glaucoma treatment is an option which can be implemented before the surgery, to the patients which could not obtain a response to the medication. This method is highly successful when implemented without delay.
Surgical Treatment : In the surgical operation, a hole is opened in the white part of the eye. Through this hole, which is so small that can not be seen, the extra liquid in the eye is drained.